A knee has 4 ligaments at the deepest level: two cruciate (they keep the knee from moving forward / backward) and two lateral (they keep the knee from moving to the sides).
It is important to understand that a torn knee ligament does not have the ability to regenerate. It cannot grow together on its own, and its integrity cannot be restored. The damaged ligament is usually replaced with a transplant to stabilize the knee joint. Or rather, a ligament is taken from the as ... s (from the gluteal muscle).
The advantage of restoring with the operational method is that the ligament returns to its place.
The disadvantage often results in limited mobility. The knee does not bend or straighten as before.
It is also significant to understand that in addition to the main 4 ligaments, there are also small ligaments of the articular bag + muscles. And this is a team game. All ‘team members’ contribute to the stabilization of the knee. Knowing that supported me in making the decision to recover without surgery.
I started thinking it over and suggested (based on my experience with the Cirque du Soleil physiotherapists and my personal deep insight in the subject) that:
- The main 4 ligaments give 30% of stabilization;
- Small ligaments and articular bag provide another 30% of stabilization;
- Surrounding the joint muscles provide another 40%.
This means, the loss of one main ligament is maximum 7% of stabilizing functions that can be superseded by muscles. After all, if desired, we can develop muscles (strengthen, increase in size).
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, I found the results of studies: patients who were treated with surgery (operation) had worse results than patients who were not operated on.